This task requires you to select from the topic choices, produce a coherent and succinct review of relevant literature using academic sources to build a body of evidence, a descriptive narrative, and a presentation of your findings.
Word count: 1200 words
References: 4 from assessment one (refer to Assessment 1 attached in email) and 6 new references (in total 10 references)
This literature review requires you to do some critical and selective further reading. Use your analysis skills to discuss the weakness and strengths of each piece, some reflections on your own experiences as a student/teacher; and compare and contrast key points across all of the sources.
Descriptive summaries of each individual source is not sufficient; your writing must articulate relevance across the sources and how they resonate with the themes - this will form the basis of your construction of a clear set of preliminary findings.
Choice 3 was selected in Assessment 1. Hence, literature review to be done from choice 3 which is per below and I have also attached my Assessment 1 for your reference.
Decolonise the Curriculum - Examine the erasure of Indigenous perspectives and standpoints in Australian curriculum and how resources impact on the cultural safety of Indigenous students. Narrow your focus to primary school or high school and possibly an area of specialisation eg. Maths, Music, History, personal development, literacy. Explore the presence of Indigenous authors and contributors, and think about how to identify ‘hidden curriculum’. Think of ways to better engage students in curriculum that may be sensitive or disruptive to the colonial myths often found in resources. What might be some of the legacies of poor curriculum resources, and the barriers and solutions for you as a teacher in the Australian context?
FROM ASSESS 1: Curriculum awareness and interpretation - critically discuss the 'hidden curriculum' in schools and your responsibility to provide culturally responsive pedagogies and culturally appropriate curriculum through highlighting Indigenous standpoints. What might some possible challenges and rewards include?
1. Narrow down your topic
2. Start drafting your paper
3. Presentation of Findings
AEK7001 – Indigenous Perspectives in Learning and Teaching
Assessment 2: Annotated Bibliography – Choice 3
The assignment presents a brief discussion on the issue of cultural awareness and interpretation, which should be developed within the students. The theme-based analysis and findings present an understanding of the implication and importance of rectal discrimination within aboriginal students.
The knowledge and learning about the cultural issues increase brief understanding over the ongoing issues of racial discriminations against the aboriginal. Based on this issue, the first theme is cultural biasness that explains the problems faced by the aboriginal students when they carry their culture and join their classes within school. This theme explores the factors that create the issue of racial discrimination within these students and extract the aspects that could be able to mitigate these discrimination problems with the aboriginal students. Racial discrimination is continual issue, which is faced by the aboriginal population for decades (Fricker, 2017). The second theme is creating cultural awareness so that the rights of the aboriginal students can be preserved. In this theme, the awareness about the cultural aspects within the Australian schools can increase education about the racial discrimination and the procedure to reduce the impact of these cultural issues within the next generation of students. This theme increase learning about the aboriginal counterparts, racial issues and dominance faced by the students in the classrooms within Australian schools.
The second theme also presents information on the cultural aspects to increase an equal cultural environment for providing an equal level of scope of development for the aboriginal students in the Australian educational system. According to the third theme, the training and development of the teachers about these cultural issues help them to understand the change in behaviours of other students, which is creating racial issues for the aboriginal students in the Australian schools. The training of teachers increases the scope of safeguarding the rights and opportunities of the aboriginal students and possibly reduces the effects of racial discrimination issues over the aboriginal students within their classroom.
According to Fricker (2017), colonisation engaged by the British in Australia has developed a disadvantage for the aboriginal students in Australia due to the implication of the Anglo- European system of education and schooling. The culture of aboriginals is supposed to be extremely diverse and complex. Aboriginal peoples including the students are facing cultural diversification and discrimination from ages. This cultural biasness has been lead to negative discrimination and stereotype.
The culture creates moral values that drive the thinking process, perceptions, behaviour, belief, actions and reactions of the people. Riley, (2019) has stated that change in the perceptions and behaviour develops a different perspective for the students belonging to the aboriginal cultures. The native peoples or students are usually not been able to meet proper coordination and communication with aboriginal students. This creates a cultural bias due to the differentiated perceptions of the aboriginal students. Stern & Burgess, (2020) has been added that the aboriginal students despite their ultimate performance in academic career are not noticed or not paid attention by the school administrations. The issues of racism and discriminations are stated as a wider concept that explains the biasness within the educational system to provide academic learning to the indigenous peoples.
The cultural awareness has been focused on increasing information on the issues of racism and discriminations within the aboriginal students. Preston et al., (2017) has mentioned that there is an education gap has been developed due to lack of respect and resources been presented for the aboriginal students in the schools. There are a lack of teaching individuals within the school who can speak the aboriginal languages, which has reduced the communication gap for these indigenous students. Bodkin-Andrews & Carlson, (2016) explained that the educational materials such as books, journals and other information-sharing sources present information about the curriculum, students and way of communication. However, in the case of the Australian schools, there have been limited resources and materials that present information about the aboriginal students and ways to presenting educational learning to them.
There are different barriers within the educational systems that have developed cultural biases and racial discriminations for aboriginal students. Forrest, Lean & Dunn, (2017) opined that aboriginal students were usually bullied for their state of hungriness, tiredness and illness when they visit the schools. Ethical policies and cultural differences are stated to be the major obstacles that have been created a barrier to present an equal level of education and learning to the students including the indigenous or aboriginal children visiting schools. There has been stated to competitive atmosphere and individualism found by the indigenous students when they receive education in the Australian schools or any educational centres.
Training and development of teachers:
The expectations and concerns of the teachers over their students make changes in the level of perception, focus and thinking process within the students. As per Prete, (2020), the expectations and concerts of the teachers drive the betterment of the educational process, which helps to provide better learning for the students in their respective curriculum. Thus, it might be necessary to enhance exploration of the concerns of the teachers over the aboriginal students. Riley & Pidgeon, (2019) has stated that the relationship of the teachers and students are other aspects that increase the strong sense of communication. This form of understanding influences the negative or positive mindset and thinking process of the students within the school.
The improvement in the communication and coordination between the teachers and students helps teachers to drive the thinking process, belief, behaviours, actions and reactions of the students within the classroom. Vass (2012) explained that application of threes concepts on the aboriginal students and the pattern of their learning can reduce the risks of discrimination and racial issues faced by these students within the classroom. The indigenous educational system in Australia has been focused on reducing the gap between the educational system and curricula provided to indigenous and non-indigenous students.
Presentation of Findings
The aboriginal students have been facing different forms of cultural biases and racial dissemination that explores the lack of proper educational procedure and patterns for the aboriginal students. According to the findings, the thinking process, feelings, emotions, actions, reactions and behalves of the individual make changes as per their cultural beliefs and morality. These moral values and cultural aspects shape the mind-set and thinking of the individual including the children. The non-aboriginal students usually found it unusual to make proper communication with the aboriginal students. This has developed cultural biases within Australian schools (Bishop, Vass & Thompson, 2019). The colonisation of the British in Australia has developed a differentiated educational system that has less considered the educational patterns for the aboriginal students. There is lack of resources, educational curriculum, and education patterns found within the Australian schools to gain guidance for educating the aboriginal students (Stern & Burgess, 2020). The findings states that the new curriculum policies and presentations provide proper guidance for the teachers to deal with the proper pattern of teaching and educating the indigenous students and mitigate the aspects of racial disseminations within the school. The strong bonding of the teachers and students increase the scope of providing a proper place of educating and providing appropriate learning to all students including the aboriginal children.
The cultural biasness has been developed the issues of racial discriminations within the aboriginal students in the Australian schools. Due to the different educational systems, there has been a lack of resource and environment for aboriginal students. The cultural awareness and indigenous educational policies reduce the gap of education for the aboriginal students.