How Maslow’s Motivational Theory gave your insight that different cultures satisfy their psychological needs differently?
Maslow's Motivational Theory has provided me with the insight that different cultures have their way of satisfying psychological needs. I believe motivation creates a sense of enthusiasm within or through external sources in persisting with the action that we intend to complete and achieve our goals (Najjar & Fares, 2017, p.81). In this context, Hofstede can be referred to where he shows us how the cultural environment helps us develop different mindset depending on the collectivism or individualism of the culture (Kristjánsdóttir et al. 2017, p. 2). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation has supported me to believe that need, behaviour and the reward as feedback creates motivational factors for both the individual and collective group in the workplace.
The Chinese culture, although hierarchical in the 1800s but presently due to the prolonged rule of Communist party the hierarchical structure based on property or riches has been discontinued. This theory motivates all the people of the country to achieve a better standard of living for the country irrespective of the power difference. In contrast, the US culture has tended to remain more individualistic and therefore puts personal achievement over community achievement. This individualism clearly demarcates the motivation of the people towards achieving personal goals rather than community goals. The psychological impact on both countries' people is different as their esteem and self-actualization needs vary due to the difference in society. The individualistic attitude also propagates short-term gains instead of long-term gains owing to the fact that short-term gains provide more publicity and applause. The short-term goal orientation demarcates that the people's personality is dependent on how long they retain the organisation's position (Kerr & Heyns, 2018). The psychological effects of the same can be easily deduced from the self-actualization viewpoint. The collectivist psychological traits bring out the long-term orientation towards the organization.