PHI 413V Ethical And Spiritual Decision Making In Health Care

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Question :

PHI 413V Ethical And Spiritual Decision Making In Health Care Grand Canyon University USA


Personal Worldview Inventory

Write an essay on your personal worldview. 

Discuss the various meanings of "spirituality" and their relevance in the context of managed care including sociological and philosophical perspectives. Consider the religious and cultural context of modern health care and medicine (i.e., pluralism, scientism, and postmodernism), and address the seven basic worldview questions.

Be sure to address the following questions:

  1. What is prime reality?
  2. What is the nature of the world around us?
  3. What is a human being?
  4. What happens to a person at death?
  5. Why is it possible to know anything at all?
  6. How do we know what is right or wrong?
  7. What is the meaning of human history?
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Answer :



An individual has different personal beliefs which determine their behavior and attitudes towards certain aspects. These beliefs form over time and are influenced by various factors including cultural and religious factors. An individual’s worldview is influenced by religious and ethical factors. These two play a major role in shaping people’s beliefs. For some people, for example, their strong relationship with God makes them believe that he is the ultimate source of good health and therefore they only need prayers when sick. This essay will focus on my worldview.

Meanings Of Spirituality

Spirituality means different things to different people. Sociologists define spirituality as collective and individual efforts to uncover their existence’s meaning either independently or within organized religion. It can also be defined as an experience believed to bring a group or an individual into direct contact with the divine (Kadar et al., 2015). It the medical field spirituality entails Connections with others and self-growth realization through various activities, reflection, prayer, meditation, contemplation, and participation in organized (Bessinger & Kuhne, 2002)

Religious And Cultural Context Of Modern Health Care And Medicine


Pluralism is a philosophical term used to refer to the existence of multiple valid and significant worldviews and belief systems. It is also a societal state in which members of different social groups, religion, and diverse ethnicities develop special interests within their culture. On healthcare matters, multiple religious beliefs and worldviews exist within the confines of various societies. These religious beliefs affect people’s attitudes and perception towards modern healthcare and medicine.


Scientism is the belief that natural sciences are more reliable sources of individual knowledge as compared to culture or other branches of learning. In the medical field, the freedom of through has been highly blockaded because of Scientism. It has led to the disapproval of new ideas in the medical profession because of the belief in scientific doctrine (Malerba, 2018).


Postmodernism is the belief for the inexistence of objective moral values. This philosophy suggests that all concepts whether evil or good are equally correct since they are all subjective. The impact of this on medicine has been the prevalence of a holistic view of health and belief that achievement of health is an individual’s responsibility (Tanja-Dijkstra, 2011). It has also led to the rejection of medical authority and influenced an individual’s preference for natural remedies above chemical products (Siahpush, 2009).

Seven Basic Worldview Questions

What Is Prime Reality?

Primer reality is concerned with the importance of the existence of God, the truth about him and his word. Prime reality is concerned with what an individual believes to be the ultimate reality. It focuses on whether or not an individual believes in God(Edlin, 2008). Their personality and cultural values influence People's sense of reality. My personal experiences are my primary references for what is real or not. For Example, God’s manifestations in my life have influenced my belief in his existence.

What Is The Nature Of The World Around Us?

The nature of the World around us is concerned with how individuals perceive the world.The nature of the world around us is objective, made of matter, made of matter and Created. As a believer in God, I don’t perceive the world to be chaotic, autonomous or made of spirit. The world has meaning order and. It does not simply exist.

What Is A Human Being?

 This question focuses on the perception of our nature and ourselves. People can perceive themselves as sleeping gods, a complex machine or a person made in the image and likeness of God. I believe that person is human based by the fact that he or she is created in the image and likeness of God.

What Happens To A Person After Death?

I believe that after death a person is transformed into a higher state. The body is generated from the soul which acquires external life. Through the immortal soul after death, individuals then receive their external retribution (Edlin, 2008).

Why Is It Possible To Know Anything At All?

A person gains knowledge through learning and experience. As individuals, we know many things because God has given us the ability to know (Shelly & Miller, 2009). Therefore God is the authority and Source of all knowledge. Through our understanding of things, we can learn and obtain knowledge. We can understand what is important and what is not, what is right and what is not.

How Do We Know What Is Right And Wrong?

My knowledge of what is right and what is wrong comes from the fact that I am created in the image of God who is all good. It is not only determined by my personal choices and notions (Shelly & Miller, 2009). There is no ultimate truth of what is right or wrong. Individuals decide for themselves what they perceive to be right or wrong.

What Is The Meaning Of Human History?

The history of human history is quite meaningful. It helps us to understand where we have come from and where we are going. Human beings are created for a purpose and therefore not meant to wander around in Circles. Our history reminds us what we were created for, i.e., to make the earth a paradise in the realization of Gods purpose for us (Edlin, 2008).


In conclusion, the meaning of spirituality differs among individuals. Its influence in medicine and health can be explained through concepts such as postmodernism, pluralism, Scientism. The worldview can be explained through some questions such as defining what a human being is, explaining what prime reality is, explaining the nature of external reality, explaining what happens to a person after death and explaining individual’s perception of right or wrong.